What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose. It is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. If insulin isn’t available or doesn’t work correctly to move glucose from the blood into cells, glucose will stay in the blood resulting diabetes.
Types of Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes – It is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. Everyone with type 1 diabetes requires insulin injections.
Type 2 diabetes – It occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
Prediabetes – It occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes – It is temporary high blood sugar condition during pregnancy. The problem usually clears up after delivery, but women who have had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Causes of diabetes
- Food Habits – Eating too many foods that are high in sugar can increase your sugar level
- Obesity – Being overweight and inactive also will lead to high sugar
- Heredity – Family history also cause diabetes
- PCOS – History of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has risk of diabetes.
- High blood pressure – High blood pressure leads to high sugar level
- Low HDL Cholestrol level – Person with HDL cholesterol level lower than 40 mg/dL or 50 mg/dL has risk of diabetes.
Some useful tips to control diabetes
- Insulin – Insulin is the main treatment for type 1 diabetes. It replaces the hormone your body isn’t able to produce. Always consult with your doctor for insulin doses.
- Do aerobics & yoga to keep fit your body
- Eat fresh seasonal fruits & vegetables
- Avoid all types of Junk foods
- Control you high cholesterol level
- Avoid too much tea , coffee & alcohol
- Avoid sugar based soft drinks
- Control your high blood pressure