What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is found in every cell of the body and play vital role in food digestion, hormones production, and vitamin D generation. It is manufactured by the body but can also be taken in from food. It is waxy and fat-like in appearance.

Types of Cholesterol

LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) –

Low-density lipoprotein is one of the five major groups of lipoprotein which transport all fat molecules around the body in the extracellular water.
LDL cholesterol is considered the bad cholesterol, because it contributes to fatty buildups in arteries this condition narrows the arteries and increases the risk for heart attack, stroke and peripheral artery disease.

HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) –

High-density lipoproteins are one of the five major groups of lipoproteins. Lipoproteins are complex particles composed of multiple proteins which transport all fat molecules around the body within the water outside cells.
HDL cholesterol is considered the good cholesterol, because it carrying LDL (bad) cholesterol away from the arteries and back to the liver, where the LDL is broken down and passed from the body.

Triglycerides

Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in the body. Triglycerides are the main constituents of body fat in humans and other animals, as well as vegetable fat.

Causes of high cholesterol

  • Food Habits Eating too many foods that are high in fat can increase your cholesterol level.
  • Obesity Being overweight and inactive also will lead to high cholesterol.
  • Heredity Family history also affects cholesterol level. Research has shown that high cholesterol tends to run in families.
  • Age Factor Aging people has more possibility to have high cholesterol
  • Smoking – Cigarette smoking is one of cause for high cholesterol
  • High blood pressure – High blood pressure leads to high cholesterol

Check your cholesterol level

  • Total cholesterol level less than 200 is best, but depends on your HDL and LDL levels
  • LDL cholesterol levels less than 130 is best, but this depends on your risk for heart disease
  • HDL cholesterol levels 60 or higher reduces your risk for heart disease
  • Triglycerides less than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) is best

What should my cholesterol levels be?

Your ideal cholesterol level will depend on your risk for heart disease.

  • Total cholesterol level less than 200 is best, but depends on your HDL and LDL levels
  • LDL cholesterol levels less than 130 is best, but this depends on your risk for heart disease
  • HDL cholesterol levels 60 or higher reduces your risk for heart disease
  • Triglycerides less than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) is best

Some useful tips to prevent high cholesterol

  • Do Regular checkup for Cholesterol. Men 35 years of age and older and women 45 years of age and older should have their cholesterol checked.
  • Do aerobics & yoga to keep fit your body
  • Take plenty of fluids to activate body metabolism
  • Eat fresh seasonal fruits & vegetables as vitamins are essentials for weight management
  • Avoid all types of Junk foods
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid too much tea , coffee & alcohol
  • Avoid sugar based soft drinks