The common cold is a viral infection of your nose and throat also known as URTI ( upper respiratory tract infection) and caused by many different viruses. It’s usually harmless. It is transmitted by virus-infected airborne droplets or by direct contact with infected secretions.
Symptoms of the common cold
- Sore throat
- A runny nose
- Slight body aches or a mild headache
- Low-grade fever. You usually don’t get a fever with a cold. If you do, it may be a sign you’ve got the flu or an infection with a bacteria.
We can take following preventions –
Wash your hands – Clean your hands thoroughly and often with soap and water or hand sanitizer also teach the same to your kids.
Use tissues – Sneeze and cough into tissues. Discard used tissues right away, then wash your hands carefully. Teach children to sneeze or cough into the bend of their elbow when they don’t have a tissue. That way they cover their mouths without using their hands.
Take care of yourself – Eating well, getting exercise and enough sleep and managing stress might help you keep colds at bay.
When call to a doctor, if you have:
- An earache
- Pain around the nose and eyes for more than a week
- Fever above 102 degrees F. If your child is younger than 3 months and has a temperature of 100.4 degrees F or higher, call your doctor immediately.
- Fever that lasts more than a day in a child under 2, or more than 3 days in a child age 2 or older
- Cough up mucus for more than a week
- Shortness of breath
- A bad sore throat with fever
- Pain or pressure in the chest or stomach
- A stiff neck or sensitivity to lights
- In pregnancy or breastfeeding and get a cold
- If newborn or infant gets symptoms
Some tips & Home remedies
1. Treat stuffy nose with warm salt water
Salt-water rinsing helps break nasal congestion, while also removing virus particles and bacteria from your nose. We can use saline nasal drops also which are available in medical stores.
2. Stay warm and rested
Staying warm and resting when come down with a cold or the flu. That helps our body direct its energy toward the immune battle.
3. Drink hot liquids
Chicken soup cans relief in cold. The study found that chicken soup was effective for reducing the symptoms of URTI.
4. Gargling can moisten a sore throat and bring temporary relief.
5. Garlic has antimicrobial properties. Adding a garlic supplement in diet might reduce the severity of cold symptoms.
6. Honey has a variety of antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. Drinking honey with luke warm water and lemon can ease sore throat pain.